A Bonsai tree like any other tree , requires the same natural environment as those found in nature. For the most part, bonsai trees require a Southern facing sunlight. However, it can be placed in a variety of other places around your home for viewing pleasure, but should always be returned to their sunny environment. Any given species of trees will always have their own sun requirements.
Watering will depend on a number of factors; for example: seasons, size of the pot, species, type of soil mix, etc. With a little time and attention to your trees, you will gain a good understanding of your trees water requirements. It is important to saturate the entire pot as roots will grow throughout. If your pot has proper drainage holes, the water should all drain out. This will indicate that the pot has been saturated. Always make sure to never let your soil dry out to less than 30%. If a root system dries out completely, this may cause permanent damage to the roots and the tree may not recover.
Any tree in a pot will have a limited supply of soil, so it is recommended to replenish the soils nutrients from time to time. Adding too much fertilizer, or too often, can damage the tree and it will often survive better with less nutrients than too much. Fertilizer can be used to stimulate growth. However, if the tree is weak, this may not be recommended. Weaker trees cannot absorb fertilizer as efficient as healthier trees.
Japanese Black Pines (Pinus thunbergii):
Introduced from Japan, Japanese black pine trees (Pinus thunbergii) tolerate sandy, salty soil and salt spray much better than native species. This makes it a valuable asset to coastal landscapes
As a very mature tree Trunk is very muscularity and many crack of the bark… The needles are typically about 4.5 inches long and bundled in pairs, thick masses of dark green needles.
The tree grows into a conical shape that is tight and neat while the tree is young but becomes loose and more irregular with age. Black pine require a more sandy based soil often mixed half and half with a clay based soil. This promotes good drainage as pines do not require much water. Requires full sun all day, or at a minimum, six to seven hours. Water daily.
Shinpaku Juniper (Juniperus chinensis):
Originally native to Japan, they were first collected in the 1850s. Shinpaku’s are used in various gardens, such as rock gardens. Shinpaku’s Junipers are considered one of the popular species within the bonsai community. Its attractive foliage and beautiful bark make this one of the top candidates for bonsai. Shinpaku juniper became accepted as one of the classic species used in bonsai. New foliage looks like needle and becomes scalelike leaves to maturity. Beautiful light brown color of bark ,as it is extremely amenable to textural elements such as jin and shari. Can be placed in partially shaded environments. It requires a little more clay based soil. Mixing 60% clay based to 40% sand based. Water daily.
Tsukumo Cypress (Chamaecyparis Pisifera Intermedia):
A variety of thread leaf cypress with fine string like deep green foliage. It gives a fine texture ideal for texture contrast in a garden. Tsukumo has attractive dark green foliage which emerges light green in spring. The leaves are highly ornamental and remain dark green throughout the winter. Full or partial sunlight. Mixing 60% clay based to 40% sand based. Water daily.
Group Planting (Saikei):
A typical saikei is contained in a large ceramic tray with low sides. Within the tray, rocks and soil are arranged to suggest a natural landscape, often modeled on a specific type of real landscape like a seaside or a mountain path. Saikei is meant to remind you of a forest.
A wide variety of indoor trees during spring, summer and fall and a limited supply in the winter, includes species such as Fichus, Azalea, and Japanese Juniper. Indoor trees require well lit environment and should not be in direct sunlight near a window. Watering will depend on how dry or humid the air is.
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